The Science of Chamomile

The Science of Chamomile

For centuries, chamomile has been lauded as a natural remedy for sleep issues, earning a reputation as a calming and soothing herb. But does chamomile truly hold the power to improve sleep? In this post, we will explore the scientific evidence behind chamomile's purported sleep-enhancing properties.


Chamomile's Bioactive Compounds:

Chamomile, known scientifically as Matricaria chamomilla, contains an array of bioactive compounds that contribute to its potential sleep-improving effects. The two primary compounds responsible for its soothing properties are apigenin and bisabolol. Apigenin is a flavonoid known for its anxiolytic and sedative effects, while bisabolol possesses anti-inflammatory properties that may aid in relaxation.


Interaction with GABA Receptors:

Apigenin, found abundantly in chamomile, has been shown to interact with gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors in the brain. GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that helps regulate anxiety and stress levels. Apigenin binds to certain GABA receptors, leading to a calming effect on the central nervous system, promoting relaxation, and potentially facilitating better sleep.


Anxiolytic Properties:

Chamomile's anxiolytic properties may play a significant role in improving sleep quality. By reducing anxiety and stress, chamomile may help individuals fall asleep more easily and experience more restful sleep.


Anti-Inflammatory Effects:

Inflammation in the body can disrupt normal sleep patterns. The anti-inflammatory properties of bisabolol found in chamomile could potentially reduce inflammation and promote more comfortable sleep.


Impact on Insomnia:

Several small-scale clinical studies have explored the effects of chamomile on individuals with insomnia. Results have been promising, suggesting that chamomile extract consumption could lead to decreased time to fall asleep, fewer nighttime awakenings, and improved overall sleep quality.


Modulating Circadian Rhythm:

Recent research has hinted at the possibility that chamomile might influence circadian rhythms, the internal clock that regulates our sleep-wake cycle. However, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of chamomile's impact on circadian rhythms.


Individual Variability:

As with many herbal remedies, the effects of chamomile on sleep may vary from person to person. Factors such as genetics, metabolism, and overall health can influence how chamomile interacts with an individual's body.



While chamomile's sleep-enhancing properties have been recognised for centuries in traditional medicine, scientific research has provided some supporting evidence for its potential benefits. The bioactive compounds in chamomile, particularly apigenin and bisabolol, demonstrate anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative effects that could contribute to improved sleep quality. However, it is essential to note that chamomile is not a guaranteed cure for sleep issues, and its effects may differ between individuals.

As the research on chamomile continues to evolve, we will gain a deeper understanding of its mechanisms and efficacy in promoting better sleep. In the meantime, enjoying a healthy can of sleep toniq will help you feel the benefits of chamomile, before we fully understand them.

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